Obstetric ultrasonography is an important and common part of obstetric care in the United States. The purpose of this document is to present information and evidence regarding the methodology of, indications for, benefits of, and risks associated with obstetric ultrasonography in specific clinical situations. Portions of this Practice Bulletin were developed from collaborative documents with […]

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Trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) refers to a planned attempt to deliver vaginally by a woman who has had a previous cesarean delivery, regardless of the outcome. This method provides women who desire a vaginal delivery the possibility of achieving that goal—a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). In addition to fulfilling a […]

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Women who are pregnant or in the postpartum period have a fourfold to fivefold increased risk of thromboembolism compared with nonpregnant women (1, 2). Approximately 80% of thromboembolic events in pregnancy are venous (3), with a prevalence of 0.5–2.0 per 1,000 pregnant women (4–9). Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the leading causes of maternal […]

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Preterm delivery occurs in approximately 12% of all births in the United States and is a major factor that contributes to perinatal morbidity and mortality (1, 2). Preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (also referred to as premature rupture of membranes) (PROM) complicates approximately 3% of all pregnancies in the United States (3). The optimal approach […]

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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism, ovulatory dysfunction, and polycystic ovaries. Its etiology remains unknown, and treatment is largely symptom based and empirical. PCOS has the potential to cause substantial metabolic sequelae, including an increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and these factors should be considered when determining long-term treatment. […]

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Obstetrician–gynecologists are the leading experts in the healthcare of women, and obesity is the most common healthcare problem in women of reproductive age. Obesity in women is such a common problem that the implications relative to pregnancy often are unrecognized, overlooked, or ignored because of the lack of specific evidence-based treatment options. The management of […]

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Neural tube defects (NTDs) are congenital structural abnormalities of the central nervous system and vertebral column. Neural tube defects may occur as an isolated malformation, in combination with other malformations, as part of a genetic syndrome, or as a result of teratogenic exposure Neural tube defects are the second-most-common major congenital anomaly after cardiac malformations, […]

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Inherited thrombophilias are associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism and have been linked to adverse outcomes in pregnancy. However, there is limited evidence to guide screening for and management of these conditions in pregnancy. The purpose of this document is to review common thrombophilias and their association with maternal venous thromboembolism risk and […]

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Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy. However, debate continues to surround the diagnosis and treatment of GDM despite several recent large-scale studies addressing these issues. The purposes of this document are the following: provide a brief overview of the understanding of GDM, review management guidelines that have […]

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Fetal Growth Restriction

Fetal growth restriction, also known as intrauterine growth restriction, is a common complication of pregnancy that has been associated with a variety of adverse perinatal outcomes. There is a lack of consensus regarding terminology, etiology, and diagnostic criteria for fetal growth restriction, with uncertainty surrounding the optimal management and timing of delivery for the growth-restricted […]

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Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy

There are two types of thyroid disease, too much (hyperthyroidism)…

Ebola and Pregnancy

(image from www.NaturalNews.com) What is it? Ebola is a…

Constipation and Pregnancy

What is it? Constipation is abdominal pain associated with…

Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy

What is it? Up to 75% of pregnant women suffer from nausea…

Abnormal Pap Smear in Pregnancy

What is an Abnormal Pap Smear? A Pap smear is a screening…

Chronic Hypertension in Pregnancy

What is it? Chronic hypertension affects up to 5% of all pregnancies.…

Anemia in Pregnancy

What is it? Anemia is the most common nutritional problem…

Can Your Makeup Cause Your Breakouts & Acne?

Yes it can! In this post, you will learn what causes makeup associated…

7 Secrets For Pregnancy!

These are 7 great tips for pregnancy written by Dr. V Sachar.Dr.…